A giant cotton cotton wool coat from early 1900s became iconic fashion trend and symbol for Australia.
The cotton wool was the most durable textile available, yet it was not widely used in everyday life, with only about a tenth of Australia’s cotton produced, according to a new study.
The researchers used the material to create a trench coat made of three different kinds of cotton wool.
“It was not just an Australian invention but it’s also a product that was developed here in Australia,” Dr John Dutton, one of the study’s authors, said.
“The cotton that was used was a very good quality product.”
Cotton was an important part of life in Australia from the early 1800s, with Australians being given a choice between cotton wool and woolen tins.
By the early 1900 and early 1910s, woolen clothing had replaced cotton as the material of choice for daily wear, but cotton still remained a major part of everyday life.
The new study, led by Dr Dutton and Dr James Tisdale, is the first to compare the use of cotton and wool in the 1900s to today.
“We used a wide range of materials and found a lot of variation in the patterns and colours used,” Dr Duttleson said.
The study, published in the journal Journal of Industrial Ecology, looked at the use patterns of cotton in the early 20th century and the use pattern of wool in 1900.
“For example, we found that the cotton tins used by Australian men were used a lot more often than the wool tins, and the patterns were quite different between them,” Dr Tisdales said.
To examine the patterns, the researchers analysed the patterns used by both men and women in the 1800s.
“This is the only study that has looked at patterns over the entire period,” Dr Filippo Marini, one a co-author of the paper, said, “which is quite significant.”
The researchers found that in the first decade of the 20th Century, the pattern of cotton used by men and the pattern used by women was almost identical.
But the patterns of the cotton and the wool were different.
In the second decade of that century, the patterns in the two fabrics were very different, the study found.
“Women used wool tans and men used cotton,” Dr Marini said.
He said this was because men were able to obtain wool tights and tassels in a smaller quantity.
“In the end, this made women more productive, so they got more hours out of it,” he said.
In comparison, the use by women of wool tasseled socks and wool turtlenecks was much less.
“Men were more productive and they didn’t have to deal with the problem of getting socks and underwear out,” Dr Martini said.
“Women also had the option of buying woolen linens for their coats and trousers.”
But women did not use as many of the products as men, Dr Marinis said.
Dr Marini’s co-authors are Dr Filipe Sousa and Dr Michael Fenton from the Australian National University.
“There are a lot less women who have access to wool and cotton,” he told ABC News.
“That’s a good thing because it means that women are not getting trapped by these patterns.”
“They can buy the same wool tarp as a man, the same cotton turtleneck, and it’s a much more affordable way of getting the same product.”
In the 1920s and 1930s, Australian women began using silk, a more durable fabric, as their primary fashion material.
But silk continued to be a primary fashion item in Australia for a few decades.
“During this time, we saw a lot fewer women wearing wool coats and pants and turtlinecks,” Dr Sousas said.
Women also began to use more of the woolen textile in their daily lives.
“I think the wool started to lose its popularity in the 1950s and 60s, when woolen fabrics started to become more affordable,” he explained.
“Wool became very cheap and there were very few men who were going to buy wool coats or trousers.”
By the mid-1980s, the wool was being replaced by nylon and nylon was still cheaper.
“Dr Marinis and his co-workers also found that women tended to wear more of a wool coat than a cotton one.
The patterns of both cotton and silk also tended to be more varied than the patterns for the cotton wool tshirt.”
Both of these fabrics have been used by a lot different groups in the world,” Dr Giannini said, adding that the pattern differences in the fabrics reflected that.”
They are all woven from a single fibre which is the same fibre as the cotton you buy in Australia.
“He said women who chose wool taunts were also less likely to wear a wool vest.
The pattern patterns in cotton wool